- European Fee President Ursula von der Leyen addressed Davos 2022 at present.
- She referred to as for unity and interational cooperation within the face of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and the shocks to vitality and meals safety its triggered.
Girls and Gents, it’s troublesome to imagine that in Davos at present we speak of conflict. The Davos spirit is the antithesis of conflict. It’s about forging ties and collectively discovering options for the large challenges we face.
In recent times, we now have appeared for sensible and sustainable methods to battle local weather change. And how one can form globalization so that each one can profit. make digitalization a drive for good, and mitigate its dangers for democracies.
Davos is all about crafting a greater future collectively. That’s what we must be speaking about right here at present.
As an alternative, we should deal with the prices and penalties of Putin’s conflict of alternative.
The playbook of Russia’s aggression towards Ukraine comes straight out of one other century. Treating hundreds of thousands of individuals not as human beings, however as faceless populations to be moved or managed or set as a buffer between navy forces. Attempting to trample the aspirations of a whole nation with tanks.
This isn’t only a matter of Ukraine’s survival. It’s not solely a difficulty of European safety. That is placing our entire worldwide order into query.
And that’s why countering Russia’s aggression is a job for the complete international neighborhood.
Ukraine should win this conflict. And Putin’s aggression should be a strategic failure. We are going to do every part we will to assist Ukrainians prevail and retake the longer term into their palms.
For the primary time in our historical past, the European Union is offering navy support to a rustic underneath assault. We’re mobilizing our full financial energy.
Our sanctions and the self-sanctioning by firms themselves are draining Russia’s economic system and thus draining the Kremlin’s conflict machine. Our member states are caring for six million Ukrainian refugees and there are 8 million internally displaced individuals in Ukraine itself.
And in parallel, Ukraine wants direct finances assist now to maintain the economic system operating. It’s about pensions, it’s about salaries, it’s about fundamental companies that must be supplied ….
Now we have proposed over 10 billion euros in macro-financial help – the biggest bundle of macro-financial help ever conceived by the European Union for a 3rd nation.
Different international locations, beginning with our buddies in the USA, are doing their utmost too. It’s an financial aid operation with no precedent in current historical past.
That’s the quick time period. However way more must be performed.
With the identical resolve, we’ll – hand in hand – assist Ukraine rise from the ashes. That’s the concept behind the reconstruction platform, that I’ve proposed to President Zelensky.
Yesterday in his speech right here in Davos, he acknowledged the unprecedented unity of the democratic world. The understanding that freedom should be fought for.
The rebuilding of Ukraine additionally requires our unprecedented unity. As President Zelensky mentioned: the work that needs to be performed is colossal. However collectively we will and we’ll grasp the problem. That’s the reason we now have proposed a reconstruction platform, to be led by Ukraine and the European Fee as a result of we’ll mix reform with funding.
The platform invitations international contributions from any nation that cares about the way forward for Ukraine. From worldwide monetary establishments and from the non-public sector. We want everybody on board
And I used to be glad to listen to in regards to the convention in Lugano. Borge Brende referred to as it a Marshall plan for Ukraine.
And, we must always depart no stone unturned, together with, if attainable, Russian belongings. However this isn’t solely about un-doing the injury of Putin’s harmful fury. It’s also about constructing the longer term that Ukrainians selected for themselves.
For years now, the individuals of Ukraine have labored for change.That’s the reason they elected Volodymyr Zelensky within the first place.
The reconstruction of the nation ought to mix large funding with formidable reforms.
– To modernize Ukraine’s administration.
– To firmly set up the rule of regulation and the independence of the judiciary.
– To construct a good, sustainable and powerful, aggressive economic system.
And thus to firmly assist Ukraine in pursuing its European path. Ukraine belongs in our European household. Ukrainians have stood tall within the face of brutal violence. They’ve stood for their very own freedom and for humanity.
We stand with them and I believe this can be a defining second for the democracies of the world.
Girls and Gents, this battle can be sending shockwaves all through the world, additional disrupting provide chains already stretched by the pandemic. It’s placing new burdens on companies and households, and it has created a thick fog of uncertainty for buyers throughout the globe. And increasingly international locations and corporations, already battered by two years of COVID-19, and all of the ensuing supply-chain points should now address rising costs for vitality as a direct results of Putin’s unpardonable conflict.
And, Russia has tried to place stress on us by for instance cutting-off Poland, Bulgaria and Finland from gasoline deliveries. However this conflict, and this behaviour, have solely strengthened Europe’s resolve to do away with Russian fossil fuels quickly.
The local weather disaster can’t wait. However now the geopolitical causes are evident, too. Now we have to diversify away from fossil fuels. Now we have already set our course in direction of local weather neutrality. Now, we should speed up our clear vitality transition.
Happily, we have already got in place the means to take action. The European Inexperienced Deal is already formidable. However now we’re taking our ambition to yet one more stage.
Final week the European Fee offered RePowerEU, it’s a 300 billion euro plan to part out Russian fossil fuels and quick ahead the inexperienced transition.
Right this moment, virtually 1 / 4 of the vitality we devour in Europe stems from renewable sources. By way of RePowerEU, we’ll virtually double this share to 45% in 2030.
That is solely attainable by additionally bringing cross-border cooperation to a brand new stage. Take for instance what’s occurring within the North Sea.
That may imply wind farms within the North Sea will cowl the annual vitality consumption of greater than 50 million houses – that is roughly one-quarter of all European households!
That is the suitable solution to go. Renewable vitality is our springboard in direction of net-zero CO2 emissions. It’s good for the local weather. And it’s good for our independence and safety of vitality provide.
The identical is true for the diversification of our gasoline provide, one other pillar of RePowerEU. As we converse, Europe is concluding new agreements with dependable, reliable suppliers everywhere in the world.
In March, I agreed with President Biden to considerably step up LNG deliveries from the US to Europe. Extra LNG and pipeline gasoline will even come from the Center East and North Africa. New LNG terminals in Greece, Cyprus and Poland will quickly grow to be operational, as will new interconnectors. And the connecting pipeline infrastructure will type the core of our future hydrogen corridors – hydrogen is the brand new frontier of Europe’s vitality community.
However we should additionally suppose additional forward. The economies of the longer term will not depend on coal and oil:
– However on lithium for batteries.
– On silicon metallic for chips.
– On uncommon earth everlasting magnets, for electrical automobiles and wind generators
And it’s for certain – the inexperienced and digital transitions will massively enhance our want for these supplies. Nevertheless, entry to those supplies isn’t a given.
For a lot of of them, we depend on a handful of producers on this planet. So, we should keep away from falling into the identical lure as with oil and gasoline. We should always not change previous dependencies with new ones. We’re due to this fact working to make sure the resilience of our provide chains. And once more, robust worldwide partnerships are on the coronary heart of the answer.
The Fee has already secured strategic uncooked supplies partnerships with international locations like Canada. And extra dependable partnerships will observe. Collectively we will create extra balanced interdependencies,and construct provide chains that we will actually belief.
Girls and Gents, we’re witnessing how Russia is weaponizing its vitality provides. And that is having international repercussions. Sadly, we’re seeing the identical sample rising in meals safety.
Ukraine is without doubt one of the world’s most fertile international locations. Even its flag symbolises the most typical Ukrainian panorama: a yellow discipline of grain, underneath a blue sky. Now, these fields of grain have been scorched.
In Russian-occupied Ukraine, the Kremlin’s military is confiscating grain shares and equipment. For some, this has introduced again reminiscences from a darkish previous – the occasions of the Soviet crop seizures and the devastating famine of the Thirties.
Right this moment, Russian artillery is bombarding grain warehouses throughout Ukraine. Intentionally. And Russian warships within the Black Sea are blockading Ukrainian ships stuffed with wheat and sunflower seeds.
The results of those shameful acts are there for everybody to see. International wheat costs are sky-rocketing. And it’s fragile international locations and weak populations that endure most. Bread costs in Lebanon have elevated by 70%, and meals shipments from Odessa couldn’t attain Somalia.
And on high of this, Russia is now hoarding its personal meals exports as a type of blackmail – holding again provides to extend international costs, or buying and selling wheat in change for political assist.
That is utilizing starvation and grain to wield energy. As soon as once more, our reply is and should be to mobilise higher collaboration and assist on the European and international stage.
First, Europe is working exhausting to get grain to international markets. There are at the moment 20 million tons of wheat caught in Ukraine. The same old export was 5 million tons of wheat per 30 days.
That is now all the way down to 200,000 to 1 million tons. By getting it out, we will present Ukrainians with much-needed revenues, and the World Meals Programme with provides it badly wants.
To do that, we’re opening solidarity lanes, linking Ukraine´s borders to our ports. We’re financing totally different modes of transportation. In order that Ukraine´s grain can attain probably the most weak international locations on this planet.
Second, we’re stepping up our personal manufacturing to ease stress on international meals markets. And we’re working with the World Meals Programme, in order that obtainable shares and extra merchandise can attain weak international locations at inexpensive costs.
International cooperation is the antidote to Russia’s blackmail.
Third, we’re supporting Africa in turning into much less depending on meals imports. Solely 50 years in the past, Africa produced all of the meals it wanted. For hundreds of years, international locations like Egypt have been the granaries of the world. Then local weather change made water scarce, and the desert swallowed lots of of kilometers of fertile land, 12 months after 12 months.
Africa is now closely depending on meals imports and this makes it weak.
Subsequently, an initiative to spice up Africa’s personal manufacturing capability will probably be vital to strengthen the continent’s resilience. The problem is to adapt farming to a hotter and drier age. Revolutionary applied sciences may help us leap-frog. Firms world wide are already testing high-tech options for climate-smart agriculture.
Precision irrigation working on energy from renewable, for instance. Or vertical farming. Or nanotechnology, which may minimize the usage of fossil fuels when producing fertilizers.
The indicators of a rising meals disaster are apparent. Now we have to behave urgently. However there are additionally options, at present and on the horizon. That is why I’m working with President el-Sisi to handle the repercussions of the conflict with an occasion on meals safety and options in Europe and within the area.
It’s time to finish unhealthy dependencies.
It’s time to create new connections.
It’s time to change previous chains with new bonds.
Let’s overcome this large problem in cooperation. Within the Davos spirit.